I was reminded today of the importance of giving the right kind of praise to learners - especially young learners. Telling a learner they are good at something is just as bad as telling them they are not good - both reinforce what Professor Carol Dweck calls the 'fixed mindset'. I think this is one of the most important lessons for parents and teachers. Carol Dweck's research on this is counter-intuitive. Every parent wants to be positive and give praise, we just need to be careful to.